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Mailhat MNHN LIM148 right metatarsal II and you may fragment out-of metatarsal III (middle distal region) (this performs, Fig

By 2022년 08월 06일No Comments

Mailhat MNHN LIM148 right metatarsal II and you may fragment out-of metatarsal III (middle distal region) (this performs, Fig

Scientific Paleontology

regarding Pech Desse: step 1 correct mandible towards enamel row afrointroductions p3-m2 (USTL PDS1360), (a) labial, (b) lingual, and (c) occlusal viewpoints. out of Mailhat: dos remaining maxillary that have root regarding D2 and you may D3, broken D4, and you will M1-M2 (MNHN LIM150); step three right metatarsal II and you may partial limbs III (MNHN LIM148). The size pub are 2 cm.

Holotype referred specimens information

Holotype. Following Brunet Sudre , we think while the holotype on the varieties Lophiomeryx chalaniati this new sample BM34960, a left mandible that have d3-m3 (, Fig. 17; , Fig. 16), off La Sauvetat (MP25, France).

Called specimens. step three.3); MNHN LIM150 teenager left maxillary that have D4–dos (M3 is not exploded), in addition to enamel sockets out of D3 and you may D2 (old count when you look at the Br.a dozen Cerv. Malh.; this functions, Fig. 3.2). Pech Desse USTL PDS1360 right corpus mandibulae which have m2–step 3 (, p.81, Fig. 15; that it functions, Fig. step 3.1).


Upper deciduous dentition. All the crowns is damaged. Although not, we are able to note that D2 was biradiculate and D3 possesses three sources. The D3 is extremely anteroposteriorly elongated (

12x7mm) that have a beneficial metaconule relatively outstanding with a bent base. The new D4 is actually better-molarized getting rectangular inside the occlusal have a look at. The new labial cusps is actually missing. The fresh protocone is expanded getting the postprotocrista posteriorly established and you can getting together with the fresh new premetaconulecrista within their center. The newest metaconule try narrow and you can v-designed inside occlusal glance at which have a straight premetaconulecrista. The newest lingual cingulum was good and encompasses the complete protocone.

Top permanent dentition. The top of molars has apparently square information M2 being bigger than M1. The cusps are very selenomorph. The fresh fossae keeps apartment lingual surfaces. The fresh new protocone are generally distally discover and bigger than the latest metaconule. This new preprotocrista are straight and you may labially situated attaining the popular however, busted parastyle. The postprotocrista is actually oblique and you will suits this new premetaconulecrista within the center region, at a somewhat lower peak. The latest premetaconulecrista is elongated, narrow, straight, and you may oblique. They closes at amount of the brand new mesostyle, found hand and hand with the labial wall. The brand new postmetaconulecrista is a bit concave and you may touches the newest postmetacrista. The fresh metaconule is actually V-shaped inside occlusal look at. The brand new paracone additionally the metacone is aligned labially. This new weak paracone labial rib is actually stronger than compared to the brand new labially concave metacone, while one another has actually seemingly brief and you will straight cristae. This new mesostyle and the parastyle, although damaged, is strong, outstanding and out-of-centered on axis of your labial a portion of the paracone and also the metacone. A beneficial metastyle are missing. The latest anterior cingulum is very good nearby the new protocone. There clearly was a weakened posterior cingulum, hence closes at the conclusion of the brand new metaconule.

Metatarsals. The latest metatarsal II and you may III was partly damaged. On account of thinking, neither the new anterior see is going to be learned on the MtII neither brand new plantar view of brand new MtIII. Both are straight and keep the same size all of the along the diaphysis. Each other skeleton try fully split in accordance with an identical density regarding the fresh diaphysis. The better maintained (MtII) has got the plantar part damaged. The proximal articulation is actually triangular fit, that have a little despair toward the plantar have a look at. An effective distal rugosity was well-marked. The newest proximal half of the MtIII is missing additionally the distal keel try worn.


MNHN LIM150 possesses a connection away from primitive functions seemingly novel certainly the fresh Eu ruminants, that can effortlessly ban they out of multiple attributions. Numerous ruminants of several group the along the Oligocene has a great lingual cingulum toward higher molars: Lophiomeryx, Iberomeryx, Gelocus, Mosaicomeryx, Babameryx , , –, , –. The brand new selenodont pearly whites (with the an expanded proportions) will never be found in Iberomeryx and you can Gelocus , , . Mosaicomeryx and Babameryx is actually base Pecora, and that has actually an extended and you will labially oriented postprotocrista , . More over, the new looks when you look at the MNHN LIM150 have become enlarged, that is not your situation out-of Mosaicomeryx and you will Babameryx. The teeth dysfunction out of MNHN LIM150 represents the ones from Lophiomeryx , , . Moreover, in every ruminants from the Western european Oligocene, the new metatarsals II and you can III try fused except inside the Lophiomeryx , , , . The fresh new differentiation of Western european Lophiomeryx variety is mostly according to dimensions variations , even though Antoine et al. shows that Lophiomeryx mouchelini may have specimens as big as Lophiomeryx chalaniati representatives inside the late Suevian. MNHN LIM150 white teeth is actually obviously about society variability regarding Lophiomeryx chalaniati observed from the Filhol , Brunet Sudre , and you may Mennecart , and you will larger than Lophiomeryx mouchelini communities , . L. chalaniati ‘s the merely identified Eu Lophiomeryx in the entire Arvenian (generally Late Oligocene).


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