Skip to main content

Barbirolli and you will Klemperer As an early on ascending superstar, John Barbirolli (1899–1970) been successful Toscanini on Nyc Philharmonic into the 1937

By 2022년 09월 02일No Comments

Barbirolli and you will Klemperer As an early on ascending superstar, John Barbirolli (1899–1970) been successful Toscanini on Nyc Philharmonic into the 1937

1971–5) and you can Grams?unter Wand (a regular invitees on the mid-eighties and you may 1990s) was a sign of the potency of the culture Boult created.

Gardiner has actually turned partly to Toscanini due to the fact a restorative, such as praising how (within the conversation with this specific copywriter) in which Toscanini articulated the fresh new sequence sextuplets early in Beethoven’s Symphony No

This new decision of Nyc Times critic, Harold C. Schonberg – “regardless of if demonstrably gifted, [he] wasn’t able to possess very demanding the right position”37 – are commonly shared, although not always thus charitably shown. However, his completion within the rebuilding the battle-devastated Hall?e Orchestra, and you can changing they to the what Beecham is alleged for titled “the newest ?nest chamber band in the united states,”38 remains among the high inspirational stories throughout the history from United kingdom performing. Then there is Otto Klemperer (1885–1973), prominent conductor of your Philharmonia Orchestra away from 1959, while the orchestra’s saviour whenever inventor Walter Legge attempted to disband they in the Klemperer try responsible, also the Ukrainian-produced Jascha Horenstein (1898–1973), having spearheading the newest Mahler revival in britain in the early sixties, and for getting what certain saw while the an invaluable re also-shot out-of good German opinions for the United kingdom performing. New rhythmical opportunity off their Beethoven – even with their commonly slow tempos – stemmed, Klemperer thought, away from their strain on the dependence on the fresh optimistic: “it’s the upbeat rather than the fresh downbeat that makes an orchestra attentive. Then the ?rst beat usually has a specific weight . . .”forty But the “weightiness” off Klemperer’s shows, especially in their history decades, plus provoked antagonism, and you can offered additional energy so you’re able to a revolution that were fermenting for a time. Though Klemperer grabbed a restricted notice of modern grant whether it found orchestral forces during the Bach, their doing style was available in having broadening ailment. To your critic of the Times, his 1960 stage of your Brandenburg Concertos try “a curious combination of modern commitment so you’re able to record and you will traditional suet pudding . . . A lot of the songs sounded incredibly dull, or uncharacteristic off Bach’s defined as the years conceives it.”41 Klemperer’s generally ferocious disapproval of one’s initiatives of your harpsichordist George Malcolm to beautify the latest continuo bits indeed did nothing to deter Malcolm away from their work so you can ?nd a historically aware carrying out design on the musical off Bach along with his contemporaries.

Gardiner, Norrington, and you can Rattle Some effect against Klemperer’s monumental way of Bach and you can Beethoven is going to be experienced throughout the musical direction off a couple of secret British

?gures from the Uk “period results” movement: John Eliot Gardiner (b 1943) and you can Roger Norrington (b. 1934); in fact Gardiner’s muchacclaimed recording away from Bach’s St. Matthew Passions (1989) looks often times such as a planned counterblast in order to Klemperer’s 1967 adaptation – especially in its light, dancing rhythms, as well as the absence of just what Klemperer called a beneficial “certain pounds” on the ?rst defeat of pub. Gardiner and you will Norrington have made a question of rejecting German life style: the arch-Wagnerian Furtw?angler might have been one thing out-of a bugbear for both. 9 correctly as sextuplets, rather than leaving her or him since a beneficial Furtw?anglerian misty tremolo. The instruments we phone call progressive will haven’t altered in essence to own up to a century. There is so it strange art gallery people – and it is to me to change it. The audience is brand new revolutionaries, the brand new iconoclasts. We have been those who make anything the latest.42

Inside the Norrington, however, some thing off Beecham’s legacy should be noticed within his ?air getting “improvising” during the performance, plus in their love of provocative comments: Exactly what are progressive devices?

Which moving back-and-forth, a moment looking at Central Western european convinced and practice, responding against they another, has long been trait away from United kingdom mental and you may visual lives. It is perhaps inevitable, in view of Joined Kingdom’s book and you may complicated status vis-`avis continental European countries: possibly keen to enter on the experience of the fresh new mainland, on in other cases defensively insular – determined that it belongs, once the Standard de Gaulle place it, so you’re able to “le grand large” (this new discover water) in lieu of in order to Europe.43 But it’s and additionally likely that a beneficial ?gure has arisen whom retains the actual promise of uniting both inclinations, or at least regarding bringing them to your an innovative dialectical relationships. This new meeting from Simon Rattle (b. 1955) as the music manager of one’s Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra when you look at the 2002 is actually an unusual prize of a primary German social place so you can a british artist. Crucial reactions in order to such as for instance high-risk options because the doing regarding Deryck Cooke’s “carrying out version” off Mahler’s incomplete Symphony Zero. ten (for a long period regarded with anything from uncertainty so you can outright hostility by Italian language musical push) shows, around anything else, you to definitely German critics are increasingly bringing Rattle surely since commander and you may simple-bearer of 1 of their most famous cultural shows. Rattle is definitely receptive so you can Italian language in?uences: witness his expanding present like to have G?unter Wand. But meanwhile the guy also provides another thing. Elmar Weingarten, Intendant of your Berlin Philharmonic up until 2000, greeted the news headlines out of Rattle’s meeting with our terms:


Author 권정희

More posts by 권정희